More Fasting

Lent starts tomorrow. Here are some good articles on Fasting.

Father Cantalamessa’s on the Usefulness of True Fast

Catholic Roots, Embrace the Practice of Fasting

Lenten Fridays and Beyond

Lent will be here in a few days which means Catholics are to abstain from mean on Fridays but did you know that abstinence from meat on Fridays is still in affect according to Canon Law 1251.

Canon 1251
Abstinence from meat, or from some other food as determined by the Episcopal Conference, is to be observed on all Fridays, unless a solemnity should fall on a Friday. Abstinence and fasting are to be observed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

Now according to Canon Law 1253 the conference of bishops can determine more precisely the observance of fast and abstinence as well as substitute other forms of penance, especially works of charity and exercises of piety, in whole or in part, for abstinence and fast.

My question is does anyone know what the conference of Bishops has determined or if Bishop Finn or Bishop Naumann have commented on this requirement, and what they consider to be a suitable substitute?

So why do Catholics abstain from meat on Fridays anyway? There are many reasons and it can be explained in many ways but I will take a shot at giving a brief but complete answer.

The abstinence from flesh/red meat on Fridays is in remembrance and in honor of our Lord’s passion on Good Friday. Catholics have set apart Friday for special penitential observance for which we suffer with Christ that one-day we may be glorified with him. No many may say giving up red meat on Fridays is not even comparable to Christ’s suffering on the Cross and I would agree, but just try abstaining from red meat for one month just to see how difficult it can be. There are graces to be gained from self-denial.

The USCCB’s said in their “Pastoral Statement On Penance and Abstinence”, November 18, 1966, “Friday should be in each week something of what Lent is in the entire year. For this reason we urge all to prepare for that weekly Easter that comes with each Sunday be freely making of every Friday a day of self-denial and mortification in prayerful remembrance of the passion of Jesus Christ.”

15 New Cardinals Announced

The 15 new Cardinals will be formally install the cardinals at a special consistory March 24, 2006.

• U.S. Archbishop William J. Levada, 69, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
• Slovenian Archbishop Franc Rode, 71, prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.
• Italian Archbishop Agostino Vallini, 65, prefect of the Supreme Court of the Apostolic Signature, the Vatican’s highest tribunal.
• Venezuelan Archbishop Jorge Urosa Savino of Caracas, 63.
• Filipino Archbishop Guadencio Rosales of Manila, 73.
• French Archbishop Jean-Pierre Ricard of Bordeaux, 61.
• Spanish Archbishop Antonio Canizares Llovera of Toledo, 60.
• Korean Archbishop Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk of Seoul, 74.
• U.S. Archbishop Sean P. O’Malley of Boston, 61.
• Polish Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz of Krakow, 66, the longtime personal secretary of Pope John Paul II.
• Italian Archbishop Carlo Caffarra of Bologna, 67.
• Chinese Bishop Joseph Zen Ze-kiun of Hong Kong, 74.
• Italian Archbishop Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo, archpriest of the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, 80.
• Retired Ghanaian Archbishop Peter Poreku Dery of Tamale, 87.
• French Jesuit Father Albert Vanhoye, former secretary of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, 82.